Tạp chí Khoa học Nghiên cứu Sức khỏe và Phát triển, 2018

Cỡ chữ:  Nhỏ  Vừa  Lớn

Knowledge, attitudes and practices of Zika virus prevention and related factors among women aged 18-40 years in Phuoc Hoa Ward, Nha Trang City, Khanh Hoa Province, in 2017

Nguyen Hien, Tran Thi Tuyet Mai, Tran Thi Tuyet Hanh

Tóm tắt


Objectives: To describe the knowledge, attitudes and practices of Zika virus prevention and related factors among women aged 18-40 years in Phuoc Hoa Ward, Nha Trang City.

Methods: Descriptive cross-sectional study. Study site and duration: Phuoc Hoa Ward, Nha Trang City, Khanh Hoa Province, from November 2016 to June 2017. Study participants: Women of reproductive age group (from 18 to 40 years of age) living in Phuoc Hoa Ward.

Results: The proportion of respondents with appropriate knowledge was 55.7%, of which 84% knew that Zika is transmitted by mosquito bite and 21.3% knew that sexual intercourse is a Zika virus transmission route. 11% of respondents knew the risk of microcephaly (baby born with a small head) due to infection with Zika virus during pregnancy. The proportion of respondents with positive attitude was 41%, of whom 90.8% were ready to have regular antenatal care. 62.8% of respondents did not have stigmatization of children with small head syndrome and 26.7% of them did not have a clear attitude. The proportion of respondents with good general practices was 45%, of whom 67.5% practised good preventive measures to prevent mosquito bite; 10.5% of them used condom when having sex. The study found correlations between knowledge and practice (p